Compression socks have come a long way. The invention and use of compression therapy began in Europe before World War II. Early compression socks were bulky, uncomfortable and sometimes too warm to wear. Over the last 70 years compression stockings have been developed to suit the needs of everyday wearers. They now come in lightweight socks made from stronger materials to provide effective relief from a wide range of preventative to severe venous diseases. The type and degree of compression required depends on the stage of the condition. Compression socks are developed to prevent venous insufficiencies, varicose veins, treatment after vein operations, treatment after sclerotherapy, edema/swelling due to traumatic injury or loss of circulation, support/circulation during travel or pregnancy, lymphatic diseases, venous ulcers and treatment and prevention of DVT (deep vein thrombosis) . There are different classes of compression depending on the condition, for example, 20-30 mmHG for mild venous insufficiency, pregnancy, travel, etc.; as well as many different styles, colors, materials again depending on your condition and daily activities.
Sometimes there is confusion between support hose and compression therapy. The difference between elastic ‘support’ hose and graduated compression stockings is that support hose have the same elasticity along the entire length of the stockings. Medical stockings have the greatest compression at the ankle and gradual decrease going up the calf. By constricting the diameter of the veins, the stockings increase the velocity of the blood flow. The compression also keeps fluids in circulation instead of collecting in the lower leg causing swelling in the ankle/foot.
Sports compression socks help athletes maximize their performance and incorporate wicking materials to keep them cool. It is important to lead a healthy, active lifestyle with the correct equipment and optimal preventative care. The sports compression socks provide valuable support for every discipline in both amateur and competitive sport: the improved circulation in the leg increase the oxygen supply, which is of great benefit. Shorts regeneration times between competitions, a reduction in typical athlete conditions such as swollen feet and ankles and increases stability help you to progress safely.
It is important that you be assessed by a professional who takes all aspects of your health, life style and body type into consideration. Most insurance companies cover compression if prescribed by a medical professional.